On the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month 0f 1918, an armistice, or temporary halt of hostilities, was declared between the Allied nations and Germany in World War I. This was called Armistice Day the following year of 1920. In 1938, November 11th became a legal federal holiday in the US. In the aftermath of WWII and the Korean War, Armistice Day became Veterans' Day, a holiday dedicated to American veterans of all wars.
The American effort in WWII (1941-1945) saw the greatest mobilization of the US Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines (more than 16 million people). Over 5.7 million people served in the Korean War (1950-1953). In 1954 after much lobbying by the veterans' service organizations, the 83rd Congress amended the 1938 act, replacing the word "Armistice" with "Veterans". The bill was signed June 1, 1954 by then President Eisenhower.
In 1975, the President Ford signed a new law returning the observation of Veterans Day to November 11th beginning in 1978. If it falls on a Saturday or Sunday the federal government observes the holiday on the previous Friday or following Monday.
In the US there is an official wreath-laying ceremony held each Veterans' Day at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery, while parades and celebrations are held in many states around the country. Memorial Day (the 4th Monday in May) honors American service members who died in service to their country or as a result of an injury incurred during battle. Veterans' Day pays tribute to ALL American veterans living or dead, but especially gives thanks to those living veterans who served their country honorably during war or peacetime.
The Noble and the Brave: A Veteran's Day Tribute
By Joanna Fuchs
We at b-29.org would like to thank all of the service members and their families for the sacrifices they made on keeping America the beacon of hope to the world that it has become. - Sallyann